VATS (Key Hole Surgery) Program

What is VATS (Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery) ?

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a type of surgery for diagnosing and treating a variety of conditions involving the chest (thorax). It is a minimally invasive surgery where instead of conventional 15-20 cm cut on the chest, 3 smaller cuts each around 1-4 cm are used to perform the complete surgery. The surgery is done using a special camera (called a thoracoscope) and other long slender tools through these cuts. The complete surgery performed as would be done in conventional open surgery but without the need of large incisions and any rib spreading.

Who requires VATS?

VATS is employed to d treat a variety of diseases of the chest that require surgery. These include diseases of the, Pleura, Lung, Esophagus, Mediastinum, Chest Wall and Diaphragm. Many a times VATS is used to biopsy part of the lung, the lymph nodes, the tissue around the lung, the tissue around the heart, or the esophagus for purpose of diagnosing certain diseases.

Best VATS Surgeon in India
List of Procedures done by VATS

VATS Drainage of infected Pleural Effusion (Early Stage Empyema)

VATS Decortication for Empyema Thoracic (Late Stage Empyema)

VATS Lobectomy (For Lung Cancer,Bronchiectasis,Aspergilloma,Lung Cysts etc)

VATS Segmentectomy

VATS resection of lung nodules (Metastasectomy, Solitary Pulmonary Nodule )

VATS Pleurodesis (for Recurrent Pleural Effusion / Pneumothorax )

VATS for Pneumothorax (Primary or Secondary)

VATS Thymectomy for Myasthenia Gravis and / or Thymoma

VATS resection of Posterior Mediastinal Tumours

VATS Resection of Cysts of lung / Mediastinum (Hydatid cysts, Bronchogenic Cysts, Esophageal Duplication Cysts

VATS lung Biopsy for Interstitial Lung Disease

VATS enucleation of Esophageal Leiomyoma

VATS Esophagectomy for Esophageal Cancer

Benefits of VATS

VATS has shown several benefits when compared to conventional open surgery

Less Pain

Less Blood Loss

Shorter Hospital Stay

Better Cosmesis

Earlier Return to work

Risks of VATS

Any surgical procedure has some risks associated with it. VATS is no different. In experienced hands the incidence of these risks is reduced but is never zero. The possible complications of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) include:

Air leak

Partial collapsed lung (atelectasis)

Abnormal heart rhythms

Excess bleeding


Collection of thick pus in the chest cavity (empyema)

Wound infection

Blood clot. This can lead to pulmonary embolism or stroke.


Complications from anaesthesia

The age of the patient, other coexisting medical conditions like diabetes, heart disease or other illnesses and the primary illness will help determine your risk for different complications. Please do not hesitate to ask your surgeon about your specific risks. An experienced team will take measures to reduce these complications by proper preoperative evaluation and optimization, immaculate surgical technique and aggressive post-operative monitoring and care.

Book an Appointment